(1928–1997) was a Cuban artist who died in Puerto Rico, where he had lived for many years, at the age of 69.
He was born in Havana, but left Cuba for good in 1960, living first in the United States. Latterly he lived in Cataño, Puerto Rico. He was deaf from the age of eight.Apart from painting, he carved sculptures in wood, small and affectionate, and stone. His graphic work includes excellent wood engravings in wood, lithographs, silkscreens,etchings, and drawings in several techniques.

He was one of the most significant Cuban artists of the century, as was shown in Caracas when the Contemporary Museum of Art of Sofía Imber held an exhibition of his work.A book entitled El maestro Rolando López Dirube : 40 años de labor creativa was published to accompany an exhibition in 1997 at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Puerto Rico.